We know that the marijuana plant has all kinds of medicinal benefits to offer us, but how much do we know about the flower itself? In this article, we’re breaking down the cannabis plant, piece by piece, to familiarize ourselves with the terms! While it’s not necessarily important for the average user to know these terms, it sure is interesting!
Breaking Down the Cannabis Plant
Cannabis plants can be male, female, or even hermaphrodite, but the flower we use is always female. The male plants exist simply to fertilize the female plants. Hermaphrodite plants can technically do both, but they’re not nearly as helpful or easy to work with, for that matter. I think it’s safe to say that just about any adult can recognize the marijuana flower. Cannabis grows on long, skinny stems, with those iconic flowers extending out from the nodes.
The Cola refers to the cluster of tightly grown buds. Smaller Cola can be found along the lower branches, however the main Cola will be found at the very top of the plant.
Pistil and Stigma
The reproductive parts of the plant reside in what we call the Pistil. Stigma are the vibrant, hair-like strands of the Pistil. As the flower matures, the stigmas change color, going from white to yellow, orange, red and eventually brown. While the Stigma plays an important role in the reproductive process, they don’t affect the potency or taste of the bud.
Bract and Calyx
The layer surrounding the female reproductive parts is called the Bract. Perhaps the most important part, these green, tear-shaped leaves are heavily covered in resin glands. These glands contain the highest percentage of cannabinoids out of all of the different plant parts. Cannabinoids, of course, are the crucial therapeutic elements of the plant, including THC and CBD.
Inside of the Bract is the Calyx, which is the translucent layer that covers the ovule at the base of the flower.
Although they are extremely tiny, you will notice a layer of crystals on the cannabis bud. This crystal resin (referred to as Kief, when dry,) is secreted through transparent, mushroom-shaped glands. These glands are found on the leaves, stems, and Calyxes. Trichomes are clear, bulbous globes that primarily exist to protect the plant. With that being said, they also are responsible for secreting an extremely important element, called Terpenes. These are the aromatic oils that play a massive role in not only smell, but medicinal effect, as well. Along with Bract, Trichomes also contain a significant amount of cannabinoids.
This all-natural healing plant is just incredible, isn’t it? While it’s not entirely crucial for you to know these terms, it can help you better understand the lingo when you’re at the dispensary!
Often times, when we think of medical marijuana, we picture it treating conditions like anxiety, depression, etc… Surprisingly enough, some people even utilize marijuana for weight loss! While cannabis is usually associated with increasing appetite, it can actually be quite beneficial as a weight loss method.
The American Journal of Medicine performed a study that showed regular marijuana use led to lower levels of fasting insulin and decreased belly fat. Your body normally gets its energy from the food that you eat. Fasting lowers insulin levels, forcing the body to pull its energy from stored fat, instead. Marijuana use lowers insulin levels which allows the body to shed excess weight, especially around the abdominal area.
Back in 2011, another study was conducted by the American Journal of Epidemiology. It found that obesity rates are actually 33% lower in people who use marijuana regularly. Furthermore, using marijuana will also reduce stress & cortisol levels, aiding in the reduction of belly fat.
Different Strains, Drastically Different Outcomes
Not all strains of marijuana will decrease appetite, so if your goal is to lose weight, make sure you pick one that will not cause you to get the munchies!
Certain Sativa strains will not only suppress appetite, but they’ll also provide you with energy and focus. Sativa strains can include CBD and THC. CBD is mainly responsible for the energy boost, which makes it a great pre-workout option. Additionally, it can reduce pain which can help you have a better workout too!
In terms of weight loss, specific Sativa strains that contain a version of THC called THCV, can reduce appetite and improve digestion.
If you, or someone you know is looking to lose weight for health reasons, call us at (844) 442-0362 or schedule a free consultation online. This will allow you to speak with one of our licensed physicians and see if medical marijuana is right for you!
Have you ever found yourself wondering where marijuana gets all of its incredible medicinal properties from? While cannabinoids like THC and CBD have a lot to do with it, there’s also another extremely important element involved, called terpenes. In this article, you’re going to discover what terpenes are and why it’s so important to know your terpenes.
What are Terpenes?
First and foremost, terpenes are the aromatic oils that provide marijuana with its highly unique scent. There are more than 100 of them that can be found in the cannabis plant alone. Pretty much any plant or fruit that you can think of contain terpenes. They’re what make citrus smell like citrus, mint smell like mint, and so on!
Terpenes change more than just the smell of marijuana, they also provide each strain with it’s own unique physiologic effects. Furthermore, each strain contains different combinations of terpenes (and cannabinoids.) It is highly recommended that if possible, you smell the different strains before you purchase them. The scents that appeal to you most, may very well be able to treat your symptoms the best.
Below you will find the most commonly found, beneficial terpenes, as well as their scent and potential physiologic effects. This will come in extremely handy if you are unable to smell the different strains while at the dispensary. Knowing what to look for, what appeals to you, and what doesn’t will help you get the relief that you need.
Most Beneficial Terpenes
This first terpene may smell slightly sour, like mango or citrus, or even a bit like hops. Myrcene can act as a sedative, anti-inflammatory agent, muscle relaxant, and pain reliever.
It’s no surprise that Limonene will smell citrusy, like lemon, orange, or grapefruit. It can also smell like bergamot, which is a peppery scent. Limonene can act as a relaxant, anti-anxiety, anti-cancer, anti-nausea, or an anti-depressant agent.
This terpene smells extremely earthy, like pepper, clove, spice, or wood. It can act as an anti-inflammatory, sedative, or anti-nausea medication.
Linalool is going to smell floral, like flowers, sage, and hops. It will act as an anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, sedative, and pain-reliever.
This terpene comes with a sharp, fresh, pine scent. It can help you focus, be more alert, and have a better memory. Pinene is also an anti-inflammatory.
Pulegone is a minty, icy, cooling and refreshing terpene! It has memory enhancing capabilities and can also act as a sedative and chest decongestant.
Eucalyptol is another earthy one. It carries scents of spice, woods, camphor, rosemary, but can also be quite refreshing. This terpene is another memory-enhancer, and is also alerting, stimulating, and can be used as a sinus decongestant.
Last but not least, nerolidol is flowery and woodsy. It is anti-anxiety, as well as relaxing and sedating.
Now that you know your terpenes, you’ll know what to look for when you walk into the dispensary. Of course, there will usually be bud tenders that can help answer any questions that you may have. It may take time to find the right strain to treat your symptoms. The good news is that marijuana is all-natural, meaning that trying different strains is not harmful. You may be surprised with the scents that stick out to you!
There are literally hundreds of different compounds that can be found in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids are numerous, but the two most popular are THC and CBD. Both of these cannabinoids produce healing effects, but THC is the one that will get you high. There are also compounds called terpenes. These are fragrant oils that provide marijuana with its amazing, unique scents. The entourage effect is the interactive synergy of these cannabinoids and terpenes which produce the wide-array of medical benefits.
Isolates vs. Whole Plant Therapy
The entourage effect is a prime example of why THC-isolates or CBD-isolates may not always be the best choice for treating your condition. While it is true that isolating these two cannabinoids can be extremely helpful, this process can potentially decrease the cannabinoids symptom-treating abilities.
Whole plant therapy utilizes the entire plant, using the full spectrum of therapeutic compounds, instead of just one. Smoking cannabis flower is the main way to experience the entourage effect. Combining multiple cannabinoids and terpenes, or leaving them in their natural state, will allow them to work together, and even accentuate their healing capabilities.
Every Compound Matters
You may be wondering why you’ve only ever heard about THC and CBD. “If the other cannabinoids are so important, why don’t I know about them?” This is because on their own, they may not be so important. THC and CBD isolates are the only two that can produce significant effects. The other cannabinoids however, greatly influence the effects of these two main compounds.
You may also be wondering why terpenes matter so much. “Does the smell of marijuana actually play a role in its medical properties?” Why yes, it does! There are over 200 terpenes in the cannabis plant, all of which have different aromas. Our built-in (endocannabinoid) system, responds differently to each terpene. Terpenes play a role in how quickly cannabinoids can enter the bloodstream. The interaction between cannabinoids and terpenes can increase the medical benefit, significantly.
The Medical Possibilities are Endless
There are perhaps thousands of medical possibilities waiting for us. With so many cannabinoids and terpenes to work with, the combinations and therefore, medical possibilities, are endless!