We know that the marijuana plant has all kinds of medicinal benefits to offer us, but how much do we know about the flower itself? In this article, we’re breaking down the cannabis plant, piece by piece, to familiarize ourselves with the terms! While it’s not necessarily important for the average user to know these terms, it sure is interesting!
Breaking Down the Cannabis Plant
Cannabis plants can be male, female, or even hermaphrodite, but the flower we use is always female. The male plants exist simply to fertilize the female plants. Hermaphrodite plants can technically do both, but they’re not nearly as helpful or easy to work with, for that matter. I think it’s safe to say that just about any adult can recognize the marijuana flower. Cannabis grows on long, skinny stems, with those iconic flowers extending out from the nodes.
The Cola refers to the cluster of tightly grown buds. Smaller Cola can be found along the lower branches, however the main Cola will be found at the very top of the plant.
Pistil and Stigma
The reproductive parts of the plant reside in what we call the Pistil. Stigma are the vibrant, hair-like strands of the Pistil. As the flower matures, the stigmas change color, going from white to yellow, orange, red and eventually brown. While the Stigma plays an important role in the reproductive process, they don’t affect the potency or taste of the bud.
Bract and Calyx
The layer surrounding the female reproductive parts is called the Bract. Perhaps the most important part, these green, tear-shaped leaves are heavily covered in resin glands. These glands contain the highest percentage of cannabinoids out of all of the different plant parts. Cannabinoids, of course, are the crucial therapeutic elements of the plant, including THC and CBD.
Inside of the Bract is the Calyx, which is the translucent layer that covers the ovule at the base of the flower.
Although they are extremely tiny, you will notice a layer of crystals on the cannabis bud. This crystal resin (referred to as Kief, when dry,) is secreted through transparent, mushroom-shaped glands. These glands are found on the leaves, stems, and Calyxes. Trichomes are clear, bulbous globes that primarily exist to protect the plant. With that being said, they also are responsible for secreting an extremely important element, called Terpenes. These are the aromatic oils that play a massive role in not only smell, but medicinal effect, as well. Along with Bract, Trichomes also contain a significant amount of cannabinoids.
This all-natural healing plant is just incredible, isn’t it? While it’s not entirely crucial for you to know these terms, it can help you better understand the lingo when you’re at the dispensary!
Have you ever found yourself wondering where marijuana gets all of its incredible medicinal properties from? While cannabinoids like THC and CBD have a lot to do with it, there’s also another extremely important element involved, called terpenes. In this article, you’re going to discover what terpenes are and why it’s so important to know your terpenes.
What are Terpenes?
First and foremost, terpenes are the aromatic oils that provide marijuana with its highly unique scent. There are more than 100 of them that can be found in the cannabis plant alone. Pretty much any plant or fruit that you can think of contain terpenes. They’re what make citrus smell like citrus, mint smell like mint, and so on!
Terpenes change more than just the smell of marijuana, they also provide each strain with it’s own unique physiologic effects. Furthermore, each strain contains different combinations of terpenes (and cannabinoids.) It is highly recommended that if possible, you smell the different strains before you purchase them. The scents that appeal to you most, may very well be able to treat your symptoms the best.
Below you will find the most commonly found, beneficial terpenes, as well as their scent and potential physiologic effects. This will come in extremely handy if you are unable to smell the different strains while at the dispensary. Knowing what to look for, what appeals to you, and what doesn’t will help you get the relief that you need.
Most Beneficial Terpenes
This first terpene may smell slightly sour, like mango or citrus, or even a bit like hops. Myrcene can act as a sedative, anti-inflammatory agent, muscle relaxant, and pain reliever.
It’s no surprise that Limonene will smell citrusy, like lemon, orange, or grapefruit. It can also smell like bergamot, which is a peppery scent. Limonene can act as a relaxant, anti-anxiety, anti-cancer, anti-nausea, or an anti-depressant agent.
This terpene smells extremely earthy, like pepper, clove, spice, or wood. It can act as an anti-inflammatory, sedative, or anti-nausea medication.
Linalool is going to smell floral, like flowers, sage, and hops. It will act as an anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, sedative, and pain-reliever.
This terpene comes with a sharp, fresh, pine scent. It can help you focus, be more alert, and have a better memory. Pinene is also an anti-inflammatory.
Pulegone is a minty, icy, cooling and refreshing terpene! It has memory enhancing capabilities and can also act as a sedative and chest decongestant.
Eucalyptol is another earthy one. It carries scents of spice, woods, camphor, rosemary, but can also be quite refreshing. This terpene is another memory-enhancer, and is also alerting, stimulating, and can be used as a sinus decongestant.
Last but not least, nerolidol is flowery and woodsy. It is anti-anxiety, as well as relaxing and sedating.
Now that you know your terpenes, you’ll know what to look for when you walk into the dispensary. Of course, there will usually be bud tenders that can help answer any questions that you may have. It may take time to find the right strain to treat your symptoms. The good news is that marijuana is all-natural, meaning that trying different strains is not harmful. You may be surprised with the scents that stick out to you!
If you’re new to the world of medical marijuana, you’re probably unfamiliar with terpenes. These compounds are the essential aromatic oils that give cannabis flower it’s highly-unique scent. With that being said, they provide more than just that classic aroma associated with marijuana. Terpenes also play a very important role in the medical effects and benefits of medical marijuana. Damage or removal of terpenes will result in a decrease in medical therapy potential. This is why it is crucial that you know all of the ways to preserve your terpenes so that you can get the most out of your medicine!
7 Easy Ways to Preserve Your Terpenes
Avoid Plastic Containers
Plastic containers are like kryptonite for marijuana. They will degrade not only the terpenes, but the cannabinoids like CBD and THC as well. As soon as you purchase your flower, remove it from the store container and place it in an airtight glass container, like a mason jar. This will allow all of the incredible scents to stick around until you get to enjoy them!
Keep It Clean
This is pretty much a no-brainer, however we feel like we should mention that the glass container you choose should be clean and free of any other residual scents from old resin. Keep it fresh and the benefits will be even greater!
Store Different Strains Separately
This sort of goes along with the tip above… Just as you don’t want any old, residual odors to compromise your weed, you also don’t want other strains getting in the way. If you’re going to purchase multiple strains at one time, separate them into individual containers.
Find a Cool, Dark Place
Heat and light can damage the delicate chemical bonds that make terpenes so special! In order to preserve them, keep them in a cool dark place like a nightstand table or basement cabinet. On a side note, it’s important that you also keep them somewhere that temperature (and moisture) remains constant. In other words, don’t keep them near the refrigerator, air vent, doors, or windows.
Get Yourself a Grinder
Using an herb grinder will release the wonderful aromas found in the thick, resinous bud. Unlocking these scents through grinding will make smoking much more enjoyable.
Light Up with a Hemp Wick
This is one that many users aren’t aware of… lighting up with a butane lighter can actually damage the flower, mask the scent, and dull the taste of the terpenes. Use a hemp wick that’s been dipped in beeswax to light your joint, and prepare to reap all of the amazing benefits!
Keep Your Stockpile Small
The fresher the better! Don’t hoard too much flower at once because you may end up with dry, brittle flower that has lost some of its benefits. Fresh flower will guarantee satisfaction.
Are you a medical marijuana patient? If so, keep these 10 easy ways to preserve your terpenes in mind, the next time you leave the dispensary. You’ve waited for access to medical marijuana for far too long, you might as well get the most out of it!
As we have seen, medical marijuana has proven itself to be an effective treatment for dozens of different illnesses on many occasions. The specific chemical makeup of the marijuana plant is what makes it such an incredible medicine.
Cannabis contains components called cannabinoids, specifically THC and CBD. While these two things are mainly responsible for the healing benefits of cannabis, there are a few other key parts to the marijuana flower. The role of terpenes in medical marijuana is more significant than you may think.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are aromatic oils that are secreted by the same glands that produce THC and CBD. They are not only found in cannabis, but many other plants, fruits and flowers, as well. If you’ve ever smelled an orange peel or a rose, than you’ve smelled terpenes. There are over 100 different terpenes in the cannabis plant, but they do more that just give marijuana it’s classic smell.
Why are they so Important?
Terpenes play a vital role in differentiating the effects of various marijuana strains. In fact, they work synergistically with other cannabinoids (mainly THC and CBD) to produce a wide array of effects. Terpenes bind to the same receptors in your body as THC and CBD.
The interesting thing is that in the presence of other cannabinoids, the effect of a specific terpene may change. For example a terpene can be relaxing in the presence of one cannabinoid, but energizing in the presence of another. This means that there is the potential for a plethora of added medical benefits, due to the essentially unlimited combinations of synergistic effects. This is particularly important for growers as they will be able to cultivate more strains to treat symptoms more effectively.
Aroma: Musky & Earthy
Vaporizes at: 322 Degrees Fahrenheit
Potential Effects: Sedating & Relaxing
Potential Benefits: Anti-oxidant, Anti-carcinogenic, Anti-Inflammatory, Pain Relief, Muscle Relaxant, Sleep Aid
Aroma: Citrus & Lemon
Vaporizes at: 348 Degrees Fahrenheit
Potential Effects: Stress Reliever & a Mood Booster
Potential Benefits: Anti-anxiety, Anti-cancer, Anti-depressant, Anti-fungal, Gastroprotective, Relieves Heartburn.
Vaporizes at: 311 Degrees Fahrenheit
Potential Effects: Promotes Creativity, Alertness, Memory Retention, a Sense of Euphoria and Counteracts Some Effects of THC.
Potential Benefits: Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Treats Asthma
Aroma: Floral & Sweet
Vaporizes at: 388 Degrees Fahrenheit
Potential Effects: Calming, Relaxing, Sedating, & Mood Enhancing
Potential Benefits: Anti-anxiety, Anti-convulsant, Anti-depressant, Anti-acne, Sleep Aid and Slows Neurodegeneration
Aroma: Woodsy & Spicy
Vaporizes at: 266 Degrees Fahrenheit
Potential Effects: Stress Relieving
Potential Benefits: Pain Reliever, Anti-Anxiety, Anti-Inflammation, Gastroprotective, Sleep Aid
Things to Keep in Mind
You may be wondering why we’ve included the boiling point of each of the terpenes listed above. Terpenes are highly effective, but can be severely damaged and lose their medical benefits, if overheated. For this reason, you must be very careful when smoking medical marijuana. In order to avoid burning the terpenes, choose a method of use that uses a low heat, like extracts and concentrates. Vaping is also a safe alternative, as you can usually set the heat to a specific degree.
Furthermore, the next time you’re in a dispensary, ask if you can smell a few of the different strains. The scents you’re drawn to may actually help treat your symptoms. In conclusion, the role of terpenes in medical marijuana is vital to its many potential medical benefits.
Are you suffering from symptoms that medical marijuana may be able to treat?
If you’re a Florida resident interested in becoming a Marijuana Doctor Patient, call us at (786) 224-4005 or schedule your FREE phone consultation online today!
Don’t suffer in silence for another moment!