We know that the marijuana plant has all kinds of medicinal benefits to offer us, but how much do we know about the flower itself? In this article, we’re breaking down the cannabis plant, piece by piece, to familiarize ourselves with the terms! While it’s not necessarily important for the average user to know these terms, it sure is interesting!
Breaking Down the Cannabis Plant
Cannabis plants can be male, female, or even hermaphrodite, but the flower we use is always female. The male plants exist simply to fertilize the female plants. Hermaphrodite plants can technically do both, but they’re not nearly as helpful or easy to work with, for that matter. I think it’s safe to say that just about any adult can recognize the marijuana flower. Cannabis grows on long, skinny stems, with those iconic flowers extending out from the nodes.
The Cola refers to the cluster of tightly grown buds. Smaller Cola can be found along the lower branches, however the main Cola will be found at the very top of the plant.
Pistil and Stigma
The reproductive parts of the plant reside in what we call the Pistil. Stigma are the vibrant, hair-like strands of the Pistil. As the flower matures, the stigmas change color, going from white to yellow, orange, red and eventually brown. While the Stigma plays an important role in the reproductive process, they don’t affect the potency or taste of the bud.
Bract and Calyx
The layer surrounding the female reproductive parts is called the Bract. Perhaps the most important part, these green, tear-shaped leaves are heavily covered in resin glands. These glands contain the highest percentage of cannabinoids out of all of the different plant parts. Cannabinoids, of course, are the crucial therapeutic elements of the plant, including THC and CBD.
Inside of the Bract is the Calyx, which is the translucent layer that covers the ovule at the base of the flower.
Although they are extremely tiny, you will notice a layer of crystals on the cannabis bud. This crystal resin (referred to as Kief, when dry,) is secreted through transparent, mushroom-shaped glands. These glands are found on the leaves, stems, and Calyxes. Trichomes are clear, bulbous globes that primarily exist to protect the plant. With that being said, they also are responsible for secreting an extremely important element, called Terpenes. These are the aromatic oils that play a massive role in not only smell, but medicinal effect, as well. Along with Bract, Trichomes also contain a significant amount of cannabinoids.
This all-natural healing plant is just incredible, isn’t it? While it’s not entirely crucial for you to know these terms, it can help you better understand the lingo when you’re at the dispensary!
There are dozens of variations in the effects of different marijuana strains. For this reason, most dispensaries break the medicinal benefits down into two categories: Indica and Sativa. This makes it much easier for consumers to choose the strain that will help treat their symptoms most effectively. Is Indica or Sativa better for treating your symptoms? Take a look at the breakdown, below, for a better understanding of which may be right for you!
Indica or Sativa: The Breakdown
Indica strains usually contain a higher THC Level. THC is the compound that produces the classic marijuana high. It often causes a feeling of drowsiness or “couch-lock.” For this reason, this category of marijuana is better used at night time. It will produce a body high, making you feel extremely relaxed. Indica acts not only as a sedative, but works to relieve feelings of anxiety, pain and nausea, as well.
Sativa strains typically contain a higher level of CBD. This makes them an excellent choice for daytime use, because they will produce a cerebral high, increasing positivity and relieving depression. CBD-heavy strains will energize you, as well as enhance focus and creativity. Sativa also can act as an appetite stimulant, making it a great option for cancer patients and those suffering from eating disorders.
We hope that this has cleared a few things up for you! While there will always be a budtender at the local dispensary that can answer any questions that you may have, it’s always good to have a basic knowledge of the strains beforehand.
The main thing that you need to know when you head to the dispensary is that the concentration of THC and CBD will play a huge role in how it affects you. Remember, THC strains will produce a high. CBD strains will not. If you’re a first time user, take it easy on the THC!
Cannabidiol, better known as CBD, has gained a tremendous amount of support for it’s safe, effective, and non-intoxicating medical benefits. This popularity has led many people to ask, “Why is CBD illegal if it’s non-psychoactive?”
The answer is actually quite simple. The DEA still classifies CBD as a Schedule 1 drug. This puts it in the same category as heroin, cocaine, etc… This scheduling makes it nearly impossible to conduct the medical studies needed to reschedule the drug and make it legal.
What is CBD?
CBD is one of the most well-known cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, right behind THC. It is capable of treating a plethora of different illnesses and symptoms, including and related to anxiety, depression, epilepsy, inflammation, pain, and more! Perhaps one of the biggest explanations for CBD’s rise to popularity is that it can treat these conditions, without getting you high.
While the CBD market has grown considerably in the last several years, many hemp-based CBD products that can be found in stores are technically still considered illegal in the eyes of the government. It’s important to note that it is highly unlikely that these agencies would pursue individual consumers. They are much more interested in pursuing producers and retailers.
How did it Become Illegal?
CBD became illegal with the marijuana prohibition, back in the 1930’s. This prohibition, however, was built on a mountain of lies and misunderstanding.
During the Nixon presidency, politicians told all sorts of lies about the plant. This was an effort to gain support for the movement, by creating fear and misunderstanding. They also used it as a way to make it easier to arrest people of color and anti-war activists. One of Nixon’s top advisors, John Ehrlichman, said, “Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did.”
Why is CBD Illegal if it’s Non-Psychoactive?
The fears and misconceptions brought about during the Nixon era, are issues that we’re still dealing with today. The fact that CBD is still illegal is largely due to ignorance at the federal level. Many lawmakers still buy into the lies and misconceptions.
Another big part of the issue, is the cost and barriers that researchers have to deal with to even get the product to the FDA for approval. It’s a very long and very expensive road. Perhaps the most frustrating part about it, is the fact that we’re stuck in this vicious circle of the DEA saying it’s illegal, which creates barriers for researchers. The drug cannot be rescheduled without in-depth research proving it has medical potential, but because it’s illegal, the research can’t be done.
A shining light on this whole situation is the fact that one CBD-based medication, Epidiolex, used to treat Epilepsy, has passed FDA approval. CBD has been proven to offer medicinal benefits. This may force the DEA’s hand to reschedule the drug once and for all.
The takeaway? Keep the faith. It’s only a matter of time before medical (and recreational) marijuana is available to every adult in the United States.
Luckily for us, medical marijuana (including CBD) is legal in the state of Florida. If you’re a Florida resident and feel that you may be a good candidate for medical marijuana, call us at (844) 442-0362 or schedule your free consultation online, today.
Can you overdose on CBD? This is a question that many new medical marijuana users ask, and it’s a great one. Before we answer the question, we’re going to look at what CBD is and how it affects you.
There are over 100 different compounds in the cannabis plant, one of the most popular being Cannabidiol (CBD). The main difference between CBD and the other main compound, THC, is that THC produces the classic “high” that is associated with marijuana. Both of these compounds exhibit many symptom relieving characteristics, however.
CBD and THC produce their effects by interacting with the body’s built-in endocannabinoid receptors. These receptors are found in practically every major organ of the body. CBD can bind to these receptors, but it can’t activate them. THC binds to them and activates them (which is how it produces a high.)
No Lethal Overdose
Studies have shown that daily consumption of high doses (1500 mg) of CBD, have been proven to be well-tolerated by humans. There have been no reports of lethal overdose on this natural, non-toxic substance.
Prescription drugs like OxyContin and Vicodin, and opioids such as heroin, are some of the most abused drugs out there. Prescription drugs can produce side effects that are worse than the symptoms they’re treating. Illegal drugs are abused by people who can’t find relief anywhere else.
CBD (and THC, for that matter) can treat your symptoms without the risk associated with narcotics and opioids.
People suffering from depression can experience suicidal thoughts. Prescription drugs with a lethal limit can become a dangerous temptation for these people. Having access to CBD can not only treat symptoms but also keep these patients from making life-altering decisions.
Those suffering from chronic pain, may find themselves taking more medication than they should. For this reason, overdose and death may occur. CBD is non-addictive and can relieve your chronic pain.
Patients diagnosed with panic disorder or anxiety are usually prescribed a benzodiazepine. These drugs will calm or sedate a person. Sometimes people suffering from severe anxiety disorder will combine benzodiazepines with opioids. As a result, this can produce fatal consequences. CBD will reduce anxious feelings and help you to relax, safely!
So, can you overdose on CBD? No! Unlike most prescription drugs, you cannot overdose on this natural substance. This means that you can get the relief you need, without worrying about any gnarly side effects.